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Slide 1: Connecting People and Information through Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) 2007-01-06 Presenter Upstate Carolina Linux Users Group http://www.uclug.org Kevin Jones
Slide 2: Did You Know? It is estimated that 40 exabytes (that’s 4.0 x 1019) of unique new information will be generated worldwide this year. Today, the amount of new technical information is doubling every 2 years. It is predicted to double every 72 hours by 2010. Predictions are that by 2013 a supercomputer will be built that exceeds the computational capability of the Human Brain . . . By 2023, a $1,000 computer will exceed the computational capability of the Human Brain . . . Predictions are that by 2049 a $1,000 computer will exceed the computational capabilities of the entire human race.¹ 2
Slide 3: The Information Super..Bypass? Federal funding for technology was cut by several billion dollars in the 2007 Budget proposal creating a technology “vacuum”. An increasingly large number of underprivileged individuals (particularly children) are being bypassed entirely by the “Information Superhighway”. Children who do not have access to computers and information today will be at an extreme disadvantage in tomorrow's workplace. According to former Secretary of Education, Richard Riley, the top 10 in-demand jobs in 2010 didn’t even exist in 2004.¹ Interestingly, while technology budgets are being cut, the EPA estimates that more than 250 million computers in the United States will become obsolete in the next five years.² 3
Slide 4: What is FOSS? Free (as in freedom, not price) and Open Source Software, or FOSS, is software which has been licensed to be distributed and modified freely by anyone around the world. Some examples of FOSS are: Linux operating system (the “engine” behind Google); Apache web server program which runs over half of the web sites on the Internet; Sendmail e-mail server which accounts for nearly half of all email servers on the Internet; OpenOffice.org Office Suite; Wikimedia (Wikipedia “wiki” engine) Moodle Course Management System (CMS) 4
Slide 5: Why should I use FOSS? Purchasing a new computer installed with Windows Vista and enough software to make it useful (e.g., Microsoft Office 2007, Adobe Standard, Antivirus software, etc.) would cost well over $1000.00*. As so often happens, an older computer (one of the 250 million considered “obsolete” by the EPA and thousands of companies every year) is generally ill-suited to run the latest software from Microsoft. That same computer, however, is quite capable of running the latest version of Linux which comes complete with state-of-theart advancements in security and reliability, as well as enough free software to perform just about any imaginable task! 5
Slide 6: What are the advantages of using Linux? Secure, stable, and cross-compatible: Secure by design and continually updated. Viruses, worms, and other malware are essentially nonexistent. Normal user accounts are limited by default to avoid destructive actions either by the user or by “bad code”. Includes security tools such as Secure Shell (SSH), identity keys (GPG), advanced firewalling, and encryption, as well as many others. Mature and stable platform. Global participation and community supported. Interoperable across every major hardware and software platform (i.e., Linux users are busy creating bridges, not islands.) 6
Slide 7: Ubuntu v7.04 “Linux for human beings” Easy to use and manage Well-documented and supported 7
Slide 8: Power in Numbers More than 75 million “Baby Boomers” will be retiring from the work force over the next 5-10 years. It is estimated that between 9 and 12 million “Boomers” are entering volunteer service on an annual basis.³ Free Computing Power + Free Software + Skilled and Energetic Volunteer Labor = The Largest Potential for Growth and Learning in Human History! 8
Slide 9: Connecting the dots 9
Slide 10: Potential Candidate Programs Adult Literacy After school activities for kids GED Assistance Youth mentoring Staying in contact with elderly and indigent persons Creating interactive classes using “blackboard” tools such as Moodle Home-schooling for handicapped or at-risk children Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) Early childhood development through interactive guided learning such as GCompris 10
Slide 11: Sources of Information All quotes on the first slide were copied directly from: http://thefischbowl.blogspot.com/2006/08/did-you-know.html ¹ http://www.stormwaterok.net/EPA-Ecycling.pdf ² http://www.nationalservice.gov/pdf/07_0307_boomer_projections.pdf ³ As Federal Funding Disappears, So Do Computers... : http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1535531/20060630/id_0.jhtml *Comparison based on a standard configuration including a Dell OptiPlex 740 pc with a 17” monitor, and the following preinstalled software: Microsoft Vista, Office 2007 Professional, Adobe Standard, Norton Antivirus, and Webroot Spysweeper: $1,102. 11
Slide 12: About the author The author holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Computer Science with a major concentration in Management Information Systems (MIS). He is an avid user of Free and Open Source Software and uses several different distributions of the Linux operating system depending upon location and particular need. His “distro” of choice is Ubuntu 7.04 due to the ease of use, indepth documentation, humanitarian philosophy, and long-term prospects in the worldwide marketplace of ideas and aspirations. This presentation was created under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License. 12

   
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